Glossary

 
 

Acupuncture

Technique used in complementary medicine whereby fine needles are inserted in the skin at specific points along what are considered to be lines of energy (meridians). This can be applied in the treatment of various physical conditions, namely pain relief and fertility.

aesthetic treatments

Any treatment which is intended to enhance one’s appearance – the word “aesthetic” means pertaining to “beauty”. In the broadest sense, the term can refer to invasive, minimally-invasive or non-invasive non-surgical treatments. At KAILO we specialise in a variety of non-surgical treatments targeting the body’s largest organ system, the skin.

acid mantle

The combination of sweat and sebum that provides the skin’s protective coating.

acne

Inflammation of the skin - a result of over production of oil and bacteria.

Acpressure

A method of relieving pain by pressing down on a targeted area of the body.

adrenal

An endocrine organ responsible for producing hormones that regulate vital body functions. The medulla, or inner part of the adrenal glands, produces the hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline, which regulate the 'fight or flight' response; the body's reaction to stressful events. The cortex, or outer portion of the adrenal glands, produces several hormones that affect blood pressure, blood sugar levels, growth and sexual development.

alkaline wash

DMK’s Alkaline Wash is a unique formula that changes the pH of the skin from 5.6 to a pH of 12 in under three minutes. This action swells, softens and dissolves dead skin cell proteins, which makes Alkaline Wash great for revising scarring, pigmentation, acne and deep wrinkles. Alkaline Wash also dissolves hair follicles – making it a very effective and pain-free solution for the removal of unwanted hair on the face and body.

allergen

A substance that causes an allergic reaction.

Allergy

A bodily reaction to an irritant. Skin allergies can be exacerbated by solutions applied to the skin.

alopecia

Partial or complete absence of hair from an area of the body where it normally grows.

alpha hydroxy acid

(AHA) A topical skin agent used to exfoliate dead skin cells - improving skin health and quality, and reducing hair follicles congestion.

Amino acid

A chemical substance found in plants and animals - the building blocks of hair and skin.

blackheads

A type of clogged pore in the skin with a visible black plug.

blanching

Transient whitening or lightening of skin colour secondary to reduced capillary blood flow to that area.

blemish

A blood or pigment based visible mark.

bonding

The attachment of hair wefts to natural hair with a latex or surgical type adhesive.

bontanical

Refers to a product containing plants or ingredients that is made from plants.

botox

A brand name of an anti-wrinkle injectable. Botox temporarily relaxes wrinkle- causing muscles to soften fine lines and wrinkles that are produced by muscle movement.

broken capillaries

Tiny blood vessels at the surface of the skin appearing as streaks or blotches. Most commonly seen on the face. Caused by ageing, sun and trauma.

bruise

A discolouration of skin from blood, sometimes caused by electrolysis, plucking or waxing.

bulb

The root of a hair, so named because it’s wider at the base.

CACI

Computer Aided Cosmetology Instrument. By applying a micro-current to the face this treatment tones muscles making them feel firmer and smoothens the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

capillaries

Fine, superficial blood vessels, carrying nutrients to the hair growth matrix.

carbon dioxide laser

Also known as a CO2 laser, commonly used to achieve a reduction in the appearance of, scars, solar damage and fine lines by resurfacing the skin.

cellulite

A collection of fat cells resulting from poor lymphatic drainage, fluid retention, poor circulation, dehydration, a sedentary lifestyle and hormonal changes.

cellulite reduction

A clinical based method for reducing the appearance of cellulite.

cilia

Anatomical term for eyelash.

clear & brilliant

A fraxelated laser treatment, clinically proven to repair aged, dull skin and visibly rejuvenate the complexion. Clear + Brilliant is highly effective without the downtime and undue discomfort. It provides improvement of fine lines, skin tone and pore size resulting in softer, smoother and firmer skin.

collagen

The main structural protein that holds all connective tissue together under the skin – keeping it plump and youthful-looking.

comedones

A medical term for blackheads.

cortex

The cortex is the main structure of the hair shaft. The cortex determines the colour and texture of the hair.

crown

Area at the top of the head.

cryolipolysis

Cryo (cold) Lipolysis (destruction of fat cell) is a treatment to destroy fat cells using cooling (freezing) techniques.

cryotherapy

The use of extreme cold in medical procedures.

depilate

Removal of hair on the surface of the skin. Examples include shaving or the use of depilatory creams.

depilatories

Substances used to dissolve hair above the skin’s surface.

dermabrasion

A cosmetic procedure used to smooth skin and reduce the appearance of scars.

dermablading / dermaplaning

A treatment performed by a Paramedical Skin Practitioner whereby a small, sterile blade is gently moved over the skin surface in a painless, upward motion. You can expect to see an instant improvement in skin texture and tone, while the long-term effects are increased cell turnover, fewer wrinkles and dark spots, reduction of acne scarring, and the removal of fine facial hair.

derma fillers

A gel-like substance, made of Hyaluronic acid. It is injected at various depths in facial tissue to restore volume loss, and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Hyaluronic acid fillers are non-permanent treatments, that are naturally and easily metabolised by the body over time. They vary in longevity from 3 months to 18 months. There are several different types and consistencies of filler, and a trained Physician will administer the product according to the individual patient needs.

derma roller

This is a roller with multiple fine needles which stimulates the skin to repair and renew itself using naturally produced collagen. It can be used in conjunction with other products but the rolling itself has proven benefits.

dermatitis

Atopic Dermatitis (see Eczema). Contact Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact with an irritating substance.

dermatologist

A doctor that specialises in skin and scalp conditions.

dermis

The deepest layers of the skin, composed of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid. It is where blood vessels, lymph channels, nerve endings, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, fat cells, hair follicles and muscles are located. The dermis varies in thickness over different sites of the body.

diathermy

Diathermy is a cosmetic treatment used to remove skin tags (small flesh coloured pieces of skin), spider veins, dilated and broken capillaries, red spots, white spots, and stubborn milia on all areas of the face.

dysport

A brand of anti-wrinkle injection.

eczema

Or contact dermatitis.  A condition defined by mild inflammation of the skin.

edema (oedema)

A medical term for swelling.

elasticity

The skin’s ability to stretch without breaking and then return to its original shape. As we age elasticity reduces causing wrinkles, jowls, sagging skin and lines.

electrolysis

In hair removal, it is the practice of epilation with electrified needles. Electrolysis was originally the name for hair removal with direct current only (also called galvanic), although the term is generally applied to all three forms of epilation with an electrified needle.

epidermis

The thin outer layer of skin on top of the thicker and deeper dermis. The Epidermis is comprised of 6 layers.

epilation

The removal of hair below the skin’s surface (as opposed to depilation). Epilation methods include plucking, waxing, electrolysis and laser.

essential fatty acids (efa)

An unsaturated fatty acid essential to human health. The body does not produce EFAs, yet the are essential for EFAs preserves the resilience and flexibility of skin and hair.

exfoliate

To remove the surface. Cosmetically, it means to remove the dead skin cells from the surface to maintain healthy skin. It can be mechanical (physical scrubbing for example with products with beads) or by using products using biological or chemical processes. Exfoliation goes back to the ancient Egyptians.

eyelash tinting

Involves applying a non-toxic dye to the eyelashes for approx. 10 minutes to achieve a deeper colour. It is a non-permanent treatment that can last between 2-3 weeks.

facials

Treatments for the face, whether to treat dry skin, other or specific skin conditions like acne or simply to cleanse, exfoliate, moisturise or balance the overall condition of the skin.

facelift

A surgical procedure that lifts the patient’s skin to provide a firmer more youthful look. It does not improve the appearance of the skin itself.

folliculitis

A common disorder characterised by inflammation of the hair follicle.

freckles

Small clumps of coagulated melanin.

healite

Technology that incorporates the therapeutic use of 830nm low level LED light to boost cellular function and improve collagen and elastin performance, giving skin an instant plumping and radiance. This is non-invasive painless technique that involves lying under a lamp for approx. 20 mins.

hyaluronic acid (ha)

A molecule which is a chief constituent of connective tissue. Cosmetically, HA is manufactured as a gel-like matrix and is used to provide volume restoration and smoothing of fine lines.

human chorionic gonadotropin (hcg)

Is a natural hormone that has effect on both the endocrine and fertility functions in the body. It can also be prescribed as an effective weight loss supplement.

Hyperpigmentation

An over-excitation of melanocytes which causes darkening of the skin - can be seen as sun-induced freckles or melasma.

Hypopigmentation

Caused by an absence of melanocytes, is whitening of the skin. Vitiligo is a common medical complaint.

intense pulsed light (ipl)

A treatment consisting of short pulses of light sent out through an applicator that is gently pressed against the skin. The light energy is absorbed naturally and, depending on how it is applied, can act beneficially on pigmentation in hair follicles, pigmentation in the skin, or blood lesions such as thread veins.

intravenous (iv) therapy

IV vitamin therapy is designed to boost your vitality and support your body’s natural process of healing and optimisation. During times of high stress or low immunity, the nutrients we ingest through foods may not be enough to maintain ideal health and function. Using an intravenous drip inserted into the arm, the vitamin formula and saline solution is slowly delivered into the bloodstream to allow maximum absorption by the body. The process takes approx. 40-45mins and is comfortable.

keloids

A type of raised darkened scar due to a defect in the skin’s healing process - more common with darker skin types.

laser

An acronym for Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation. A commonly used tool for cosmetic and surgical procedures.

lipid layer

Lipids are part of the structure of the hair and also form a protective barrier. They are composed of EFA’s amongst other complex constituents.

massage

Manipulation of muscles, tendons, ligaments and tissues, both surface and deep layers of these, which will benefit from this manipulation. The word comes from an old word meaning “kneading”. Massage can help relieve stiffness or pain and unwanted reflex activity, increase healing & function and promotes relaxation.

melanin

Natural substance that gives colour (pigment) to hair and skin.

melanoma

A form of skin cancer.

microdermabrasion

An intensive exfoliation process that rejuvenates the skin by utilising ultra-fine aluminium oxide crystals to remove the upper layer of the epidermis, the stratum corneum.

non-invasive

Procedures that do not involve tools that break the skin or physically enter the body.

organic

Pertaining to carbon-based compounds produced by living plants, animals or by synthetic processes.

patch test

A test performed usually with skin treatment or cream (or other potential allergens) on the skin 24 hours before its use to see if the skin suffers an allergic reaction.

pedicure

A pedicure is a cosmetic treatment of the feet and toenails.

permanent

Lasting or intended to last or remain unchanged indefinitely.

permanent hair reduction

Treatments, such as IPL, where the follicle is disabled by the light energy making it unable to support any more hair growth.

pigment

Colour – we refer to pigment on the skin caused by scarring, ageing, sun damage and hormonal changes.

pore

A small opening of the sweat glands on the skin.

porosity

Ability to absorb moisture.

prp (platelet rich plasma)

A process of extracting and concentrating one’s own blood cells to help with skin rejuvenation. Platelets are the cells in the blood that help tissue to heal and grow new cells. Once separated, the product is injected into specific areas of the skin, acting as a matrix that promotes collagen growth, regenerating tissue, and thus acts to naturally smooth and tighten the skin.

sebaceous gland

Oil producing gland in the dermis.

seborrhoeic dermatitis

A condition caused by an over-production of sebum and often results in scaly, flaky, itchy and red skin.

sebum

The oily secretion from sebaceous glands composed of keratin, fat or cellular debris.

self-tan

A tanning product that contains DHA, which reacts with amino acids in the top layer of skin causing it to temporarily darken.

serum

A product which is in a liquid form allowing for deep absorption into the skin. Most common serums contain high doses of vitamins B, C and A.

skin rejuvenation

Combating the signs of ageing using the latest innovative, non-invasive treatments that provides a visibly younger, healthier and more radiant skin.

skin needling

A treatment whereby channels are created in the skin stimulating natural collagen and elastin production to improve skin quality and texture. A comfortable treatment producing visible, proven results making the skin feel firmer and smoother, repairing fine wrinkles, scarring, acne, pigmentation, large pores and dull skin tone.

spf

An acronym for Sun Protection Factor. A scale of protection ranging from 2 to 50, whereby SPF 50 will give the maximum sun protection.

sun block

Products that reflect the sun’s rays, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. They permit minimal tanning and are a good choice for those who are sensitive to chemicals.

sunscreen

Products with ingredients that absorb UVA and UVB rays. Find one labelled broad spectrum for maximum protection.

t-zone

The forehead, nose and chin area which tends to be oilier than the cheeks.

tan

Melanin is a brown coloured protein contained in the superficial skin layer, that helps determine the colour of our skin When your skin is damaged by exposure to UVA and UVB rays of the sun, its reaction is to produce more melanin as an attempt to protect itself against further damage. The melanocytes produce more melanin when we are exposed to the sun. The result of this is a tan.

waxing

A hair removal method which removes hair from the root thus taking many weeks to grow back. Waxing can be performed on the body or the face. It works by applying hot wax to the skin and hair and gripping the hair as it is applied or as it cools so that when the wax is removed (at the right angle for best results) the hair is pulled out. There are different techniques in waxing using either waxed strips or strip-less wax (called hard waxing or hot waxing) which is generally gentler on the skin.

wellbeing or well-being

This is a general umbrella term for health and happiness (and in the wider sense includes prosperity). The over-arching understanding of wellbeing is how to live without stress or disease, and how complementary treatments can help to achieve long term health and happiness.